Aylesbury, comprehensive guide to the county town of Buckinghamshire, "where the ducks come from".
Aylesbury - Where the Ducks Come From
The county town of Buckinghamshire (Bucks), England, Aylesbury has a population of about 70,000 a figure which has doubled since the 1960's. Situated about 41 miles from London and to the north-west of that city, Aylesbury expanded mostly due to the need for housing to cater for the London overspill during the 1960's and early 1970's.
Population: Town: 57,840 - Urban: 70,273 - Vale: 174,900
Post Code: HP19 - HP21
Location: Central Buckinghamshire.
Grid Ref (Ordnance Survey): SP818138.
Telephone Code: 01296.
Local Newspaper: The Bucks Herald.
Museums: Bucks County Museum (Church Street).
Twin Towns: Bourg-en-Bresse (France).
Originally built on a low limestone hill, surrounded by the flood plain of the River Thame, and close to the chalk hills of the Chilterns, Aylesbury is at the heart of a road network which radiates out from the town in all directions, the primary of these being the A41 which was formerly the major Roman road Akeman Street, which connected Bath (Aquae Sulis) to St Albans (Verulamium).
Quick Links to Aylesbury Information
Aylesbury History: Aylesbury has a long and interesting history and the name is thought to originate from Anglo-Saxon times, the earliest evidence of settlement in Aylesbury is the remains of an Iron Age hill-fort dating from around 650 BC. Aylesbury was a significant market town way back in the days of the Anglo Saxons when it was known as 'Aeglesburh' and it remained so right up until the cattle market closed in 1987, which really marked the end of its days as a rural market town. In Saxon times Aylesbury would have just been a small settlement and it remained a small village for many centuries. 'Aeglesburh' roughly translates as "Fort of Aegel", though it is not certain exactly who Aegel was.
Aylesbury’s first settlers were probably Iron-Age Celts, who favoured hilltop locations for their forts, and remains of their time in the area were unearthed in excavations undertaken near the town centre during 1985. Plenty of other Iron-Age and Bronze-Age artefacts have been found at other locations in and around the town, giving evidence of its ancient origins.
There is not much evidence that the Romans actually occupied the town, though there was possibly a small fort at Walton and there were certainly a number of villas peppered around the immediate areas.
Aylesbury is notable as being the resting place of Saint Osyth and the grave attracted pilgrims from wide and far. By the eleventh century Aylesbury boasted its own mint and two annual fairs were held attracting visitors from all over the region. Aylesbury was mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 as a 'royal manor'.
Henry VIII declared Aylesbury as the county town of Buckinghamshire (Bucks) in 1529 and at this time Aylesbury Manor belonged to Ann Boleyn's father Thomas. During the Civil War Aylesbury sided with parliament and in the Battle of Aylesbury at Holman's Bridge the royalists were defeated and forced to retreat. A local hero John Hampden became prominent during this period after refusing to pay ship-money - his statue still stands in the market square. By 1831 the population of Aylesbury had reached 5,000 and in 1863 the railway arrived with a line opening to High Wycombe.
In 1951 the population of the town had reached just over 20,000 and it was shortly after this that the London 'overspill' began to increase the population of the town.
Modern day Aylesbury has changed immensely during the past 40 years and most of the old town is now gone although there are still some old parts remaining around the area of Saint Mary's church and Temple Street. Most of the booming light-industry which still remained in the 1960's and 1970's has now gone and the town now mostly provides service industries. One of the last to go was the Nestles factory, recently replaced by canal-side housing.
What's in a Name?
It seems probable that the origin of the name of the town lies in Anglo-Saxon times, 'Ægelsburh' roughly translates as "Fort of Aegel", though it is not certain exactly who Aegel was. The appearance of 'bury' or 'berg' generally refers to a fortification of some kind in Anglo-Saxon times. It may be surprising to many, that since these early times there have been no less than 57 variations of the name:
Æglesburgh, Æglesburge, Ægliesburie, Ægllesburis, Ægelsbirg, Æilsbyry, Ægelsbyrig, Æelsburge, Æglesburge, Ægliesberg, Eglesburh, Æglesbyrg, Æglesburch, Æglesburh, Egelsburh, Haselbergam, Eglesborough, Eileberie, Eilesberie, Eilesbria, Elesberie, Ellesbury, Eelesbury, Eilesbury, Eldsbury, Eilesberia, Eillesbury, Ailespiri, Eylespiri, Eylesbirs, Eylisbirs, Aillesbyri, Allesbury, Allesburie, Aill, Aillesbur, Ailesburi, Aillesburi, Ailsbury, Ailesbury, Aillesburgh, Aillisburi, Aillesbury, Aillesburey, Alesburie, Aylesbyrie, Aylesburie, Alsbury, Aylisbury, Alesbury, Aylisbery, Ayllebur, Aylsbury, Aylesbiri, Aylesburig, Aylesburey, Aylesbury.
The Vale of Aylesbury: An attractive area of agricultural countryside surrounding the town of Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire, the Vale of Aylesbury, stretching from the Chiltern Hills in the south, to the hills of Brill, Waddesdon and Whitchurch in the north (eastern and western borders are roughly at Wing and Thame respectively), is composed mostly of clay, topped by a fertile layer of soil washed down from the surrounding chalk hills.
In 1642 there were 200 people listed for tax returns in Aylesbury and Walton.
In 1798 there were 546 men in Aylesbury and 56 men in Walton (Posse Comitatus).
The first official government census of 1801 recorded 668 families and 675 houses.
Some census figures from the 19th century:
- 1801 – 3,082
- 1811 – 3,447
- 1821 – 4,400
- 1831 – 5,021
- 1841 – 5,429
- 1851 – 6,081
- 1861 – 6,168
- 1871 – 6,962
- 1881 – 7,795
- 1891 – 8,680
- 1901 – 9,099
- 2001 – 56,392
Forthcoming blood donation sessions, dates and venues.
To be updated.
Aylesbury is renowned world -wide for the Aylesbury Duck and the town's name has become synonomous with the bird, the usual reply when asked where you come from and answer "Aylesbury" is "Oh where the ducks come from".
The duck breeding business in Aylesbury is thought to have started in the early 18th century, when by selective breeding a unique variety of pure white duck was created that was favoured by the major market at the time - London.
The ducks were traditionally walked the 40 miles to London. The Aylesbury Duck as a breed had mostly disappeared by the Second World War.
Now and Then: The Aristocrat Aylesbury in 2010, and how it looked in 1974 when it was called the Horse and Jockey (yes there were 2 pubs called the Horse and Jockey in 1974). Aristocrat photo by Steve Locke, Horse and Jockey photo by Peter Locke. Click here for larger photos: Aristocrat / Horse and Jockey.
We shall be changing this section to include other now and then photos of the town, so call back soon to see the latest entry.
Aylesbury Lending Library - County Library & Museum/County Hall, Aylesbury HP201UU. Telephone Number: 01296 382 248 (Aylesbury Library).
Vale District Council – Address: 66 High Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1SD. Telephone Number: 01296 585 858.
Town Council – Address: 5 Church Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 2QP. Telephone Number: 01296 425 678.
Odeon Cinema Aylesbury – Address: The Exchange, Unit 1, Exchange Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1UR. Telephone Number: 0871 224 4007.
Film Times / Film Listings
Visit: http://www.odeon.co.uk/fanatic/film_times/s61/ (copy and paste addess in browser).
Stoke Mandeville Hospital – Mandeville Road, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP21 8BD. Telephone Number: 01296 315000 (reception).
Royal Buckinghamshire Hospital – Address: Buckingham Road, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP19 9AB. Telephone Number: 01296 678 800.
Neuro Rehabilitation Unit – Address: Croft Road, Aylesbury, HP21 7RD. Telephone Number: 01296 393 319.
Manor House – Address: Bierton Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1EG. Telephone Number: 01296 393 363.
Elmhurst Surgery - Address: Elmhurst Road, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP20 2AH. Telephone Number: 01296 394862.
Brookside Centre - Address: Station Way, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP20 2SQ. Telephone Number: 01296 398181 / 0844 225 2434.
The Camborne Centre – Address: Jansel Square, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP21 7ET. Telephone Number: 01296 337 760.
Mandeville Surgery – Address: Hannon Road, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP21 8TR. Telephone Number: 01296 431 515.
Oakfield Surgery – Address: Oakfield Road, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP20 1LJ. Telephone Number: 01296 423 797.
Whitehill Surgery – Address: 1 Oxford Road, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP19 8ER. Telephone Number: 01296 424 488.
Family Planning Clinic - Address: Station Way, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP20 2SQ. Telephone: 01296 421 722.
Below you will find details of Aylesbury hotels, bed and breakfast, rooms to rent and other accommodation which is available in and around the town of Aylesbury.
The Holiday Inn: Aston Clinton Road, Aylesbury, Bucks. Telephone Number: 0871 9429002 (Book Holiday Inn).
Premier Inn – Address: Buckingham Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP19 9QL. Telephone Number: 08701 977019.
Hartwell House Hotel Restaurant and Spa – Address: Oxford Road, Nr Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP17 8NR. Telephone Number: 01296 747 444 (Fax: 01296 747 450).
The Olympic Lodge - Address: Stoke Mandeville Stadium, Guttmann Road, Aylesbury HP21 9PP. Telephone Number: 01296 484 848 (hotel).
- Address: Garden Court, Watermead, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP19 0FY. Telephone Number: 01296 398 839 (hotel).
Aston Place Bed and Breakfast – Address: Jannetta Close, Tring Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1AE. Telephone Number: 01296 415 760 (Mobile: 07810 731 972).
Ardenwood Bed and Breakfast (B&B) – Address: Ardenwood, The Malt House, 45 Walton Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 7SR. Telephone Number: 01296 484 482.
Parish Church of St Mary – Address: St Mary’s Square, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 2JJ. Telephone Number: 01296 437 641.
Holy Trinity Church – Address: Walton Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 7QX. Telephone Number: 01296 398 110.
Southcourt Baptist Church – Address: Penn Road, Southcourt, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 8HN. Telephone Number: 01296 480 080.
Church Of The Holy Spirit - Address: A, 71 Camborne Avenue, Aylesbury HP21 7UE. Telephone: 01296 394 759.
Granville Street Evangelical Church - Address: Granville Street, Aylesbury HP20 2JR. Telephone: 01296 392 717.
Guardian Angels R C Church - Address: Chaloner Road, Aylesbury HP21 8NN. Telephone Number: 01296 421 826.
Below you will find details of just a few Aylesbury pubs, this list will be expanded in the near future, and I have pictures of pubs in Aylesbury from the 1970's, when there were over 50 Aylesbury pubs to choose from. A lot of them have long since closed down ie The Chandos (my first local pub), the White Hart, the Three Pigeons, the John Hampden, the Crown Tavern (sadly missed), the George, the Windmill, the Nag's Head, the Oddfellows Arms (now Dominos Pizzas), the County Arms, the Old Plough and Harrow (now an indian restaurant), the Dark Lantern, the Ship, the Two Brewers, the Eagle, the Greyhound, the Hen and Chickens, the Victoria ("Little Vic"), the Derby Arms and the Prince of Wales.
The Bricklayers Arms - Address: 19 Walton Terrace, Walton Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 7QY. Telephone Number: 01296 482 930 (pub, pub grub).
The Millwrights - 83 Walton Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP21 7SN. 01296 393 711. (see photo on right).
The King’s Head – Address: 9 Market Square, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1TA. Telephone Number: 01296 718 812.
The Watermead – Address: Watermead 10 Lakeside, Aylesbury, Bucks HP19 0FU. 01296 433 123.
The Honey Bee - Address: Trenchard Street, Fairford Leys, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP19 7AA. Telephone Number: 01296 708 363.
The Aristocrat - 1-5 Wendover Road, Aylesbury, HP21 7SZ. Telephone Number: 01296 415 366 (pub, live music).
The Cotton Wheel - Jackson Road, Aylesbury HP19 9BF. Telephone Number: 01296 427 567 (pub, restaurant).
The Five Bells - 40 Main Street, Weston Turville, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP22 5RW. Telephone: 01296 613131.
The Harrow - 4 Cambridge Street, Aylesbury HP20 1RS. 01296 336 243 (pub).
The White Swan - 3 Walton St, Aylesbury, Bucks HP20 1TZ. Tel: 01296 423 933 (pub, live music venue, wi-fi hotspot).
The Dairy Maid - Elmhurst Road, Town Centre, Aylesbury HP20 2AH. Tel: 01296 481 397 (pub, restaurant, wi-fi hotspot, karaoke).
The Queens Head - 1-5 Temple Square, Aylesbury, HP20 2QA, Buckinghamshire. Telephone Number: 01296 633 0183.
Aylesbury Grammar School (Secondary) – Address: Walton Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 7RP. Telephone Number: 01296 484 298.
Aylesbury High School (Secondary) – Address: Walton Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 7SX. Telephone Number: 01296 415 237.
Grange School (Secondary) – Address: Wendover Way, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 7NH. Telephone Number: 01296 390 900.
Mandeville Upper School (Secondary) – Address: Ellen Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 8ES. Telephone Number: 01296 424 472.
Sir Henry Floyd Grammar School (Secondary) – Address: Oxford Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 8PE. Telephone Number: 01296 424 781.
Quarrendon School (Secondary) – Address: Weedon Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP19 9PG. Telephone Number: 01296 428 551.
Oak Green School (Junior) – Address: Oak Green, Southcourt, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 8LJ. Telephone Number: 01296 432 895.
Aylesbury College – Address: Oxford Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 8PD. Telephone Number: 01296 588 588 Fax: 01296 588 589.
Aylesbury Job Centre - Address: Aylesbury Jobcentre Plus, 49 Buckingham Street, Aylesbury, HP20 2LX, Buckinghamshire. Telephone Number: 01296 554 255.
Visit the Aylesbury jobs page here: Jobs.
Crown Court – Address: County Hall, Market Square, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1XD. Telephone Number: 01296 434 401.
Magistrates Court – Address: Walton Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 7QZ. Telephone Number: 01296 554 350.
Elmhurst Community Centre - 36 Fairfax Crescent, Aylesbury HP20 2ES. Tel: 01296 429 965.
Haydon Hill Community Centre - Dickens Way, Aylesbury HP19 8SR. Tel: 01296 395 175.
Hawkslade Farm Community Centre - Community Centre, Orwell Drive, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP21 9JL. Tel: 01296 392 827.
The Quarrendon & Meadowcroft - 147 Meadowcroft, Aylesbury HP19 9HH. Tel: 01296 428 989.
Aylesbury Railway Station:
Aylesbury Railway Station - Station Approach, Aylesbury HP20 1RU (0845 600 5165).
For train services to London Marylebone via Stoke Mandeville, Wendover, Great Missenden, Amersham, Chorleywood, Rickamansworth, and Harrow-on-the-Hill.
Also via High Wycombe.
Aylesbury Bus Station:
Aylesbury Bus Station – Address: Great Western Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, Telephone Number: 0871 200 2233
Aylesbury Waterside Theatre - Address: Exchange St, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP20. Telephone Number: (Tickets) 0844 871 7677.
Aylesbury Civic Centre – Address: Market Square, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1UF. Telephone Number: 01296 585 527.
Limelight Theatre – Address: 7 Queen’s Park, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 7RS. Telephone Number: 01296 431 272.
Buckinghamshire County Museum (With the Roald Dahl Children’s Gallery) – Address: Church Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 2QP. Telephone Number: 01296 331 441.
St James - 39-41 Buckingham Street, Aylesbury HP20 2NQ. Telephone Number: 01296 435 690 (nightclub).
Friars Square Shopping Centre, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 2QF. Telephone Number: 01296 483 169.
Hale Leys Shopping Centre – Address: 17 Hale Leys, High Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 1ST. Telephone Number: 01296 429 800.
Aylesbury United Football Club – Address: 10 Miles End, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 8PR. Telephone Number: 01296 487 367.
Aylesbury Town Cricket Club: 86 Wendover Road, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP21 9NJ. Tel: 01296 821501.
Aylesbury Park Golf Club – Address: Andrews Way, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP17 8QQ. Tel: 01296 399196.
Aylesbury Golf Club – Address: Hulcott Lane, Bierton, Bucks, HP22 5GA. Telephone Number: 01296 393 644.
Aylesbury Lawn Tennis & Squash Racket Club - 86 Wendover Road, Aylesbury HP21 9NJ (01296 398 230).
Bierton Lawn Tennis Club - Contact: Anee Piggford Telephone Number: 07982 467 419 or 01296 421147. Welcomes adults and juniors, 2 floodlit all-weather courts.
Aylesbury Town Bowls Club - Wendover Road, Aylesbury HP21 9NJ. Tel: 01296 425 376.
Hazells Bowls Club - Address: Shakespeare Way, Aylesbury, Bucks, HP20 1JF. Telephone Number: 01296 337 406.
Ladies Gym - Curves - 59-63 High Street, Aylesbury HP20 1SA (01296 330 303).
Lynx Gym Club – Address: 70 Rabans Close, Rabans Lane Industrial Area, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP19 8RS. Telephone Number: 01296 488 888.
Spirit Health & Fitness Club - Aston Clinton Road, Weston Turville, Aylesbury HP22 5AA (01296 399 220).
Jardines Club - Address: 2 Silver Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, HP20 2PD. Telephone Number: 01296 415 698 (tenpin bowling alley).
- Address: Risborough Road, Stoke Mandeville, Aylesbury, Buckinhamshire HP22 5UT. Telephone Number: 07927 117 056 (livery stable, Grass livery, D.I.Y Livery, Part Livery and Full livery, 24 hour supervision).
Grange Youth Centre - Grange School Cottage, Wendover Way, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP21 7NH. Tel: 01296 422 091 (youth club).
Bucks Scout Council - Address: 11 Stocklake Ind Area, Pembroke Road, Aylesbury HP20 1DB. Telephone Number: 0845 094 5526.
Helen Mulhall Personal Trainer in Aylesbury - Contact: 07508 638 968.
- Aylesbury Garages / Motor Services / Motor Mechanic
Aylesbury Service Centre - Address: Unit 7, Townsend Piece, Bicester Road, Aylesbury, HP19 8BQ. Telephone Number: 01296 483 700. Website: www.aylesburyservicecentre.co.uk
- Aylesbury Hairdresser
Toni & Guy - Unit 2, Crown Buildings, High Street, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire HP20 1SL (01296 434 344).
Alta Moda - Address: 5 Kingsbury, Aylesbury HP20 2JA. Telephone: 01296 330 444 (hairdresser, hair salon).
Aylesbury Mobile Hairdresser - Contact Donna on 0777 608 7913 for hairdressing and styling, manicure and pedicure, makeup, wedding hair styling and makeovers, indian head massage.
Visit our Aylesbury map page, to get a detailed street map of Aylesbury, this map is also interactive, enabling you to get a detailed Aylesbury town centre map, for your visit to the town. Also check out the Aylesbury weather page which gives the current weather conditions in Aylesbury and the surrounding villages, and also offers an Aylesbury 10 day weather forecast, so you can get the long term outlook.
Residential Areas: Fairford Leys
Streets and Roads: St Annes Road
More UK Town Guides: Perranporth